Dean of the Faculty of Foreign Languages Halyna Moroshkina: "Estonian colleagues’ experience can be useful to us in the training of modern teachers"
The representatives of the administration and professors of our University have recently visited the Narva College of the University of Tartu. This visit took place within the framework of the project "Implementation of the multilingual education model and the methodology of simultaneous teaching subject and language (CLIL) at Zaporizhzhya National University and Zaporizhzhya Oblast". The event was held due to the Concept of learning foreign languages which had been successfully implemented at ZNU for several years, initiated by the Rector Mykola Frolov. Here's what the initiator of the visit, the Dean of the Faculty of Foreign Languages Halyna Moroshkina says about the possibility of implementation of the multilingual education model at University and the characteristics of the educational process:
- The Narva College of the University of Tartu proposed an interesting project of multilingual education model implementation and the methodology of simultaneous teaching of subject and language, which was launched in 2000. During the visit to Estonia, there was the first acquaintance with the organization of the learning process in multilingual context. A multicultural community, which lives in the city of Narva, has caused the implementation of such system for the approval of the native Estonian language as well as historically existent Russian language. The desire of Estonia to join the European values contributed to the introduction of in-depth study of English language.
Such multilingual model of education requires a lot of financial and human resources, as we have seen in Estonia. European funding of the submitted project allows organizing gradual multilingual education, starting from kindergarten, continuing at school and finishing at higher education institution. Multilingual higher education has led to the fact that teachers of different subjects have learned to collaborate in teaching courses in different languages.
Also it is useful to find out the Estonian college experience in training teachers of two or three subjects and getting a degree in two related specialties, for example, the "Estonian as a second language", "Russian as a foreign language", "English language", etc.
Training of teachers is based on a curriculum that contains only the disciplines of linguistic and psycho-pedagogical cycles. After completed bachelor degree graduates can work in preschools, after the master's program – in secondary school with qualification "teacher of humanitarian subjects". Diploma of scientific degree of doctor of philosophy is obligatory for working at university. All associate professors and professors of universities and colleges should bring grants in addition to working in the classroom. Most scientific researches are aimed at solving practical problems of education. Another interesting fact is that there are no paper student's record books. All information about the student and his progress is recorded and stored in electronic form.
Besides, clear relations are established between teachers concerning distribution and redistribution of the workload. Colleagues do not allow a situation of incomplete workload.
Our visit to the University of Tartu helped to enrich the knowledge about the functioning of a modern European university. Some findings of Estonian teachers can be successfully implemented at ZNU.